Sowing, planting and harvest times

This chart indicates chief outdoor sowing and planting dates and season of use of common crops. Frame and greenhouse sowings and cultural details of all vegetables and salads, plants and herbs are given in the alphabetical section.

Please note: this is only a guide, sowing and planting times will depend on location. The best way to decide is to check the moisture level and temperature, see the germination temperatures page. Do not sow/plant if the soil is cold and wet, wait a few days for things to improve.

Crop Sow in Open Plant Out Ready Available until
ARTICHOKE
(Jerusalem)
Feb-Mar Nov March
BEAN, Broad

Dwarf French

Nov, Feb-May

Late April

June

July

Aug

Sept

Runner May, June July October
Haricot Early May Nov Late Winter
BEET April-late May July March
BROCCOLI Mar-May May-June Oct May
BRUSSELS SROUTS Mar-April May-June Nov March
CABBAGE
Spring
Autmun
July-Aug
April
Oct
June
Feb
Oct
May
January
CARROT Mar-April July April
CAULIFLOWER Early April May-June July October
CELERY April June-July Dec April
CRESS Mar-Sept Ready about 16 days after sowing
KALE Early April June-July Dec April
LEEK March July Oct April
LETTUCE Mar-Aug Ready in about 10 weeks after sowing
MARROW May May-June Aug November
ONION Mar
Aug
May-June Sept
March
May
June
PARSLEY Mar-July June-Oct All the year
PEA, Early
Maincrop
Feb-Mar
Mar-April
June
July
July
August
POTATO, Early
Maincrop
Mar-April
April-mid May
July
Late Sept
September
May
RADISH Mar-Sept Ready in 5 to 6 weeks after sowing
RHUBARB March April July
SAVOY Mar-April-May May-July Aug March
SHALLOT Jan-Feb July March
SPINACH Feb-Aug May September
SWEDE May-July Oct March
TOMATO In heat Late May July October
TURNIP Aug Oct December