Category Archives: Bees

NFU supports using banned bee killing pesticide

Only a few weeks into Brexit and the UK wants to ditch the ban on neonicotinoid pesticides which are known to kill bees. The NFU supports the use on this devastating chemical on sugar beet crops. They have been trying push a new green image, yet this shows how their thinking is stuck in the past.

We must wake up and demand a clean, eco friendly food system that does not reply on soaking crops in chemicals that are known to destroy the environment.  We need large scale fundamental change about the way food is produced and how it affects the environment. If we do nothing, then rapid climate breakdown will happen very quickly.

PLEASE click the image to sign the petition, write to your MP and send a Tweet. Even if you don’t normally do this sort of thing please help save bees.

Pesticides in garden compost

This comes round every few years usually when an agrochemical company has introduced a new wonder. The link below is from the US but there are still reports of herbicides contamination in the UK. The current issue is stunted plants grown where horse manure has been used.

There are reports from the US about residues of Clopyralid contamination in compost from golf courses and hay meadows.

(Click image to read the article)

The answer is simple; only compost material from your own garden but you must not use pesticides in your garden particularly the lawn if you want clean compost. Think of the bees and your kids or grandchildren. Do you want them running round on grass soaked in chemicals?

Email us if you need help
Please note: we do not store emails, pass on details to anybody else or send messages after we have a responded to your question.

Fighting to save bees

Beyer, the maker of neonicotinoid pesticides that have killed vast numbers of bees is taking the EU to court over the ban on it’s use. They obviously stand to lose a lot of money selling a poison that kills bees. How utterly cynical, irresponsible and downright stupid can they be?

We need to fight back because we rely on bees to pollinate plants that feed us. Without bees we are in a lot of trouble but Beyer does not care about that as long as they make a profit. It is time to stop them, please sign this petition.

There are other things we can do to help bees like not mowing all of the lawn. Leave some patches untouched to make nectar bars.

See this page for shrubs, bush fruits and trees that are good for bees.

If you have the space plant bees friendly plants go to this page on the RHS web site for more information.

Email us if you need help
Please note: we do not store emails, pass on details to anybody else or send messages after we have a responded to your question.

Time to plan your BREXIT garden!

The panic to find fresh food may be over for now but there are other problems on the horizon. When we crash out of the EU without a deal the government will cosy up to the US to import their food. When that happens how will you know what you are eating? To find out have a look at this article by Alice Keeffe in The Guardian.

“There has been much ado about the prospect of chlorinated chicken, but the implications of a trade deal with the US are equally grim for fruit and veg. The American government will insist on our loosening regulations around the use of pesticides, so we can look forward to apples containing higher levels of malathion (an organophosphate insecticide linked to cancer which can impair the respiratory system) and grapes with added propargite, an insecticide that has been associated with cancer and can affect sexual function and fertility. Oh yes, and then there are neonicotinoids, all but banned in the UK because of their toxic effect on bees, and chlorpyrifos, banned by the EU over concerns about its impact on the brains of foetuses and young children.”

Chlorpyrifos is an organophosphate which were used as insecticides. They used to be widespread but were banned in Europe some years back. It is accumulative poison and can be absorbed through the skin. The manufacturers continue to sell them to the developing world and the US. See this piece about child deaths in India.

Do we really want food produced using pesticides that have been banned here? It is time we grew up as a nation and looked after ourselves and the land where we live. There must be a resounding NO from anybody who cares about food, their health and the long term future of this fragile planet.

One answer is to grow your own. Now is a good time to start planning and getting your food garden ready. We are hear to help.

Email us if you need help
Please note: we do not store emails, pass on details to anybody else or send messages after we have a responded to your question.

Forcing banned pesticides on the UK

The US is putting pressure on the UK government to allow the use of pesticides on food that are banned in the EU. Most dangerous of all would be neonicotinoids that caused the mass death of bees across Europe before they were banned.

Click to follow link

The key finding of the report are here

Trump wants us to slither down the scale of acceptance and be like the US so that we can import their food. We need to resist this at all costs or the environmental destruction and damage to human health will be huge.

News from the garden – a day off!

It’s a bank holiday in the UK which means we have an excuse for a day off. New garden chairs arrived this week so it seems like the obvious time to install them under the old apple tree and try them out. We both agree that they need more testing!

The blossom is just amazing this year and so full of bees today. Here is a some ‘slow sound’ of the birds and the bees recorded in the garden this mourning. It’s all very peaceful and sleep inducing! Best heard using headphones, put your feet up and enjoy.

Study Shows ‘Frightening’ Decline of Insects and Spiders

Yet another study showing that insect numbers have declined. This time it is a ten year study which found that insect biomass declined by 40% in grasslands. The full article can be found here.

Should we be worried? Quite simply a massive YES because we depend of flying insects for pollination. Also, because the decline is down to the use of pesticides in food production and although the companies that make them will argue that they are safe nobody can convince me that ingesting eating small amounts of poison on a daily basis can be good for us.

We are locked into an agricultural system that is driven by supermarkets who control everything from seed to the checkout. The way food is grown depends on total control of the environment and the elimination of everything that could affect profits. This is one of the consequences of the cheapest possible food – we destroy the environment that keeps us alive.

Things have to change and quickly. We need to move to a different way of growing food. If not,  the whole system will collapse and leave us with nothing.

 

 Shrubs, bush fruits and trees useful to all species of bees

Download the PDF file HERE

 Key to list:

** tender. * not reliably hardy. Spp = species. (N) = nectar produced when weather good enough. N = nectar collected. P = pollen collected.

**Abutilon vitifolium May–Jul NP  Soft grey/green vine shaped downy leaves, large saucer-shaped flowers, various colours.
Berberis spp Apr–Jul NP Wide range of species, all attractive to bees.
Buddleia alternifolia Long lilac spikes. Jun NP B. globosa Globular orange flowers. May NP B. x weyeriana Orange panicles. Jun–Oct NP
*Ceanothus spp NP Wide range of species, all attractive to bees. Range from spring to late summer flowering.
Chaenomeles spp Ornamental quinces. Feb–Apr NP
Cistus spp Rock roses. May–Jul NP Evergreen. Range of colours.
*Choisya ternata ‘Mexican Orange Blossom’ Apr–Jun P Evergreen.
Clematis spp Climbers. Most large flowered hybrids only produce pollen. C. armandii Evergreen, strongly scented. Apr–May (N)P C. cirrhosa Evergreen, small bell-like flowers. Dec–Feb (N)P C. montana Apr–May NP C. vitalba Traveller’s Joy, wild clematis. Jun–Jul NP
Clethra alnifolia Acid soils. Aug–Oct P
Cotoneaster spp Jun NP Wide range of good garden plants.
Cytisus spp Brooms. NP Wide range of species & hybrids, mostly early flowering.
Deutzia spp Summer P
*Escallonia spp & hybrids NP Wide range of good garden plants. Evergreen.
Eschscholtzia spp Late summer–autumn N Unusual lovely shrubs, mint-scented leaves, flowers various colours. Good nectar producer.
*Fuchsia magellanica Late summer N Naturalised in S & W. Free-flowering.
Genista spp Gorses. Early NP Wide range of garden varieties.
*Hebe spp NP Wide range of sizes from dwarf to large, evergreen, flowering periods vary from early summer to late. Some very tender species.
Helianthemum spp & hybrids Sun roses. P Evergreen dwarf shrubs, many colours.
Hydrangea Only those varieties with fertile florets are used by bees, not the showy sterile ones (Hortensia). H. petiolaris Climber. Jun NP H. paniculata and H. villosa Late summer NP
Hedera helix Ivy. NP Climber, evergreen. Good source of late nectar.
Kalmia spp Calico Bush Jun NP Evergreen, acid soils. K. angustifolia, K. latifolia
Kolkwitzia amabilis May–Jun NP Uncommon shrub, easy to grow, beautiful drooping bell-shaped flowers.
Lonicera spp Honeysuckles. NP Shrubby honeysuckles have smaller more open flowers, with more available nectar than the climbing varieties. Some flower late winter. L. angustifolia, L. standishii, L. purpusii
Mahonia spp Winter/spring P Evergreen shrubs with yellow flowers. Valuable pollen source early in the year. M. aquifolium, M. bealei, M. japonica, *M. lomariifolia
*Myrtus communis Late summer (N)P Evergreen, fragrant flowers.
Olearia spp Daisy bushes. O. haastii White flowers. Jul–Aug NP O. macrodonta Jun NP
Parthenocissus quinquefolia Virginia creeper. Aug NP
Perovskia atriplicifolia Aug–Sep NP Aromatic grey foliage & purple/blue flowers. Excellent bee plant.
Philadelphus spp Mock Orange. Jun–Jul NP Large number of species and varieties, most strongly scented.
Potentilla fruticosa NP Many varieties & hybrids. Small shrubs, white or yellow flowers. Long flowering period.
Prunus laurocerasus Cherry laurel. Apr NP Evergreen. Also has extrafloral nectaries, very attractive to bees in summer.
Prunus lusitanica Portugal laurel. Jun NP Evergreen.
Pyracantha Firethorn. May–Jun NP P. angustifolia, P coccinea
Rhododendron spp NP Small varieties of rhododendron & azaleas can be worked by honey bees. R. ponticum can produce poisonous honey occasionally.
Ribes spp R. sanguineum Flowering Currant. Apr NP Pink, red or white flowers. R. odoratum Buffalo Currant, yellow flowers. Apr NP R. speciosum Red flowers. Apr–May NP
Rosa spp N? P Only single flowered types. Wild roses & R. rugosa.
Rosmarinus officinalis Rosemary. Apr–May NP Evergreen, aromatic.
Salix spp Willows. Early spring NP Numerous small shrubby willows. Good species include: S. apoda, S. boydii, S. hastata, S. lanata,S. melanostachys, S. uva-ursi
Symphoricarpos spp Snowberries. Jun–Aug NP Most produce copious amounts of nectar. S. alba, S. occidentalis, S. orbiculatus, S. rivularis
Syringa spp & hybrids Lilacs. Spring NP Wide range of medium & large shrubs, mostly spring flowering, all strongly scented.
Tamarix spp May–late summer NP Feathery foliage, profuse masses of tiny, pink flowers. Varying flowering times from May to late summer.
Ulex europaeus, U. minor Gorse. N? P Long flowering periods.
Viburnum spp Wide range of evergreen & deciduous shrubs. Good species include: V. bodnatense, fragrans Winter NP Deciduous, winter flowering, scented. V. burkwoodii Evergreen, scented. AprNP V. carlesii Scented. Apr NP V. juddii Scented. Apr–May NP V. opulus Guelder rose. Jun–Jul NP V. tinus, V. laurustinus Evergreen. Oct–Mar P
Weigela florida & hybrids May–Jun N P? Pink, red or white flowers.
Wisteria spp Climbers. W. floribunda & W. sinensis Apr–May (N)P

Bush fruits
Most bush fruits are valuable bee plants, some producing copious nectar (marked §). Flowering time varies with the variety.

Bilberry Whortle berry Black, red & white currants
Blackberries Wild & cultivated
Blueberries
Gooseberries
Hybrid berries: Boysenberry, Worcester berry, Jostaberry
Raspberry & Loganberry

Trees
**Acacia Beautiful, tender, winter flowering trees. Winter (N)P Masses of yellow, scented flowers. A. dealbata, A. longifolia
Alder Good very early source of pollen. Jan–Mar P Alnus glutinosa
Blackthorn Common wild hedge plant. Mar–May (N)P Masses of white flowers. Valuable source of early pollen. Prunus spinosa
Cherries Huge group, mainly decorative trees. Avoid double flowered varieties. Prunus avium Gean, wild cherry Apr NP P. cerasus Sour cherry, small shrubby tree. May NP Profuse flowers. P. cerasifera Myrobalm, Cherry plum. Mar–Apr (N)P Wide range of cultivars, some with purple foliage. padus Bird cherry. Long racemes of May NP white flowers. P. subhirtella autumnalis Attractive small tree. Winter P P. x yeodoensis Joshino cherry. Small, beautiful. Mar–Apr NP
Chestnuts, Horse chestnuts Large, attractive trees. NP Aesculus hippocastanum White flowers. Apr–May A. carnea Red flowers, slightly later. Mayindica Indian horse chestnut. Pink flowers. May–Jun A. californica Buckeye. White/pink flowers. Jul–Aug
Chestnut, Sweet or Spanish Castanea sativa Jul (N)P
Crab Apples Beautiful medium sized trees. Spring NP Malus spp & hybrids. Many named varieties: John Downie, Profusion, Golden Hornet.
Eucalyptus spp. Evergreen, aromatic foliage. Some hardy in the UK. Late summer (N) E. gunnii, E. niphophila, E. parviflora.
False Acacia Robinia pseudoacacia Fragrant white flowers. Jun NP R. viscosa Clammy locust. Late Jun NP R. hispida Rose acacia. May-Jun NP
Hawthorns Common, wild, small, shrubby trees May NP Erratic, but can be profuse producers of nectar. Crataegus oxycantha, C. monogyna C. prunifolia, C. crus-galli, and many other species.
Hazels Early catkins a valuable source of pollen. Mar–Apr P Corylus avellana, C. maxima
Hollies Evergreen, tiny flowers, attractive to bees. May-Jun NP Ilex aquifolium, I. opaca and spp.
Honey Locust Long branched spines on trunk, scented flowers. (N) Gleditsia tricanthos
Indian Bean Tree Magnificent, spreading trees with panicles of scented, foxglove-like, speckled flowers. Jul–Aug NP Catalpa bignonioides, C. fargesii, C. ovata
Judas Tree Pretty small tree, purple pea-flowers on bare stems. Apr–May NP Cercis siliquastrum
June Berry, Snowy mespilus. Beautiful tree, masses of white flowers in spring, edible fruits in June. Spring (N)P Amelanchier lamarckii
Lime Can supply large quantities of nectar when conditions are right but can be erratic. Aphids on some species produce honey-dew. (N) Tilia cordata Small leaved lime. Late Jul §T. x euclora Crimea lime. No honeydew. Jul–Aug T. x europaea Common lime. Jun–Jul T. maximowicziana Japanese lime. Jun §T. x orbicularis Hybrid lime. Jul–Aug T. petiolaris Weeping silver lime. Jul–Aug T. platyphyllos Broad leaved lime. Jun–Jul tomentosa Silver lime. Jul § Nectar in these species can stupefy bees.
Maples The decorative Japanese maples rarely flower in the UK, but the larger species are all excellent bee plants. Spring (N)P Acer campestris Field maple, native tree. A. macrophyllum Oregon maple. A. negundo Box elder. A. opalus Italian maple. A. platanoides Norway maple.
Mountain Ash Sorbus aucuparia Spring NP Many other cultivated species.
Sweet Gum Liquidambar styraciflua and hybrids. Spring (N)
Sycamore Valuable nectar source. May NP Acer pseudoplatanus
Tree of Heaven Large town tree. Jul–Aug N Ailanthus altissima
Tulip Tree Large tulip-like flowers. Jun–Jul (N) Liriodendron tulipifera
Whitebeam Sorbus aria Common whitebeam. May–Jun NP S. intermedia Swedish whitebeam. Jun NP